Image icon  Silal

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Description: This sample shows the typical structure of silal, irons with high Si content (5.5-7.9 wt%). It is a grey cast iron alloyed with 4-6wt% Si to provide good oxidation resistance. The high Si content forms a dense, adherent iron silicate surface film, which is resistant to oxygen penetration. The flake graphite iron Silal was one of the first heat resisting cast irons developed. Spheroidal graphite Si irons have higher strength and improved ductility. The structure shows cored dendrites of ferrite with interdendritic flake graphite. A few white areas of Si carbide are also present.
Keywords: alloy • dendrite • ferrite • graphite • iron • metal • silal • silicon
Categories: Science approaches > Microstructure
Materials > Metals & alloys > Cast irons
Processes > Shaping > Casting
Testing, analysis & experimentation > Metallography
Scale > Micro
Created by: Prof T W Clyne, Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge
DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
Published by: DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
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Date created: 25 October 2001
Date added: 21 August 2009
Resource ID: 1137