Image icon  Silal

 
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Description: This sample shows the typical structure of silal, irons with high Si content (5.5-7.9 wt%). It is a grey cast iron alloyed with 4-6wt% Si to provide good oxidation resistance. The high Si content forms a dense, adherent iron silicate surface film, which is resistant to oxygen penetration. The flake graphite iron Silal was one of the first heat resisting cast irons developed. Spheroidal graphite Si irons have higher strength and improved ductility. The structure shows cored dendrites of ferrite with interdendritic flake graphite. A few white areas of Si carbide are also present.
Keywords: alloy • carbon • grey cast iron • iron • metal • silal
Categories: Science approaches > Microstructure
Materials > Metals & alloys > Cast irons
Processes > Shaping > Casting
Testing, analysis & experimentation > Metallography
Scale > Micro
Created by: DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
Dr R F Cochrane, Department of Materials, University of Leeds
Published by: DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
License: This resource is released under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike license (2.0 UK: England & Wales).
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Date created: 04 September 2002
Date added: 21 August 2009
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Resource ID: 1425