Image icon  X-ray tomography image of open cell polyurethane foam

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Description: If a gas is injected into a liquid it forms a cellular foam structure. When a thermoset prepolymer of low viscosity is foamed, the polymer can drain from the cell walls (driven by surface tension) before it sets at the cell edges, leaving an open-celled foam. The cell edges have three concave sides. The average co-ordination number for the nodes (where struts meet) is four, giving tetrahedral junctions. The deformation behaviour of the foam was observed by X-ray microtomography at the ESRF in Grenoble. X-ray tomography overcomes the limitations of MRI in terms of contrast, and those of confocal optical microscopy in terms of depth of field.
Keywords: cell • composite material • foam • polymer • polymer composite foam • polyurethane (PU) • thermoset • X-ray tomography
Categories: Science approaches > Microstructure
Materials > Polymers & elastomers > Elastomers > Polyurethane (eIPU)
Product Forms > Bulk > Foam
Testing, analysis & experimentation > Metallography
Scale > Micro
Created by: Dr James A Elliott, Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge
DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
Published by: DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
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Date created: 03 October 2002
Date added: 21 August 2009
Resource ID: 1614