Image icon  Tensile failure surface of a carbon fibre composite

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Description: This is from the region of the fracture surface which was in tension. The fibres show clean, brittle fracture surfaces (with no fibrillation or distortion and little distortion of the matrix) and have broken at varying lengths and hence some stick out while others have left holes in the matrix. This is indicative of fibre pull-out having occurred after an initial failure of the matrix, followed by failure of the fibres themselves. This is a toughening mechanism in fibre reinforced composites. It is also involved in composite crack stopping properties; each fibre has briefly slowed the progress of the crack by opening it up along the weak fibre-matrix interface and hence blunting the crack tip. The crack therefore advances relatively slowly, with much lateral meandering.
Keywords: alignment • carbon • carbon fibres • CFC • composite material • epoxy • fibre • fracture • neutral axis • polymer composite • pull-out • reinforcement
Categories: Science approaches > Deformation & failure > Fracture
Science approaches > Microstructure
Testing, analysis & experimentation > Metallography
Scale > Micro
Created by: J A Curran, Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge
DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
Published by: DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge
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Date created: 03 October 2002
Date added: 21 August 2009
Resource ID: 1652